New York City has seen a steep decline in serious crime since the early 1990s, accompanied by a dramatic drop in the use of jail, with the average daily jail population declining 61% from 21,688 in 1991 to 8,530 in 2018. The city is continuing concerted efforts to drive down both crime and unnecessary detention even further, including the recent citywide expansion of supervised release and a bail alternative program for individuals who can be safely supervised in the community while waiting for trial. The city has also taken steps to reduce the number of people with behavioral health needs cycling through jail and expanded effective reentry planning to curb recidivism.
As an Implementation Site, New York City remains an integral part of the growing network of jurisdictions working to share knowledge and best practices and to create demand for reform across the country. To build on past reform efforts and continue safely reducing the jail population, New York City plans to institutionalize systemic changes that will increase fairness, accelerate case processing times, and more precisely calibrate the criminal justice system’s response to risk and need.